Tripoli: Foreign forces ignored a deadline set on Saturday to withdraw from Libya under a UN-backed ceasefire agreement, highlighting the fragility of peace efforts after a decade of fighting.
CNN satellite images show “Russian inhabitants” digging several kilometers (miles) near the coastal city on the frontline of Sarsa, as foreign main characters Ankara and Moscow Express their intention to defend their interests in the final settlement.
“There is no intention or action on the part of Turkish or Russian forces to abide by the UN treaty,” an unnamed U.S. intelligence official was quoted as saying by the Associated Press.
“There is already a fragile peace process and the ability to get out of the ceasefire. It will be a really difficult year,” he said.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Monday called on all “regional and international actors to respect the provisions” of the October 23 ceasefire agreement, which calls for the withdrawal of all foreign troops and troops within three months. was done.
That deadline passed on Saturday, with no movement announced or observed on the ground. The United Nations estimates that there are still 20,000 foreign troops and mercenaries in Libya to support the fighting factions, the UN-recognized government of the National Accord of Tripoli and the military caliphate in the east.
The GNA has military support from Turkey. The weekly is backed by the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, as well as Russia.
Guterres called on all sides to implement the terms of the ceasefire “without delay”, noting that they would ensure the departure of foreign fighters and troops from Libya, and on the Security Council’s arsenal. The ban includes full and unconditional respect, “he said.
Khalid al-Montasser, a professor of international relations at the University of Tripoli, said any withdrawal or end to foreign intervention was “not on Libya but on external powers”.
Turkey on Friday welcomed a UN-backed deal for Libya’s warring factions that would create an interim executive to rule the North African country until elections in December.
Turkey has backed the GTA with military advisers, materials and mercenaries, which has canceled an advance on Tripoli by the weekend, and under its 2019 military agreement in Al-Watia on the Tunisian border. There is also a military base. Last December, parliament in Ankara, in clear disregard of the ceasefire agreement, extended for 18 months the approval of Turkish troops in Libya.
Montaser, referring to several tracks of the ongoing UN-sponsored talks, said: “As long as it is not possible to leave Libya, the countries that have joined them will continue to pursue their interests in the new transition period. Not guaranteeing. ” “Their presence keeps alive the threat of a military confrontation at any moment, while the current calm seems uncertain,” he said.
Most of the foreign forces are concentrated around Sirti, at Al-Jawfra Airport, 500 kilometers (300 miles) south of Tripoli and further west in Al-Wathyah, under the control of Haftar’s forces.