ISLAMABAD: Afghanistan faces significant funding cuts and tough sanctions on a major donor to an international donor conference this week, more for a nation devastated by two decades of war and now devastated in Cove 19. There are challenges.
At a virtual conference in Geneva on Monday and Tuesday, ministers from 70 countries and officials from humanitarian organizations are expected to pledge billions of dollars to protect development projects involving the Afghan government and Taliban insurgents. Talks between the two countries have stalled and President Trump has fallen sharply. US troops in the country.
Although the fragile economy relies heavily on foreign aid, Kabul will see cuts in donations, and donors will impose stricter political and human rights conditions on the money.
The World Bank said in a recent report that due to the effects of COVID-19, Afghanistan’s economy will contract at least 5.5 percent this year.
The strategy aims to secure peace talks and improve the amount allocated to the Afghan government.
At a previous conference, philanthropists pledged .2 15.2 billion in Brussels in 2016, 2017 15.2 billion for 2017-2020, or 3. 3.8 billion a year. A senior Western diplomat attending the conference said it could be reduced by 15% to 20%. “These can present the best countries among the domestic challenges of managing the epidemic.”
The Pentagon said last week that in an effort to end America’s longest-running war, Trump would reduce the number of US troops in Afghanistan from 4,500 to 500,000 by mid-January. Withdrawal of foreign troops – Britain intends to follow US lead.
This has left donors worried about whether hardliners will try to bring back progress on human rights and girls’ education.
Peace talks in the Qatari capital, Doha, have stalled and the Taliban have refused to call for a ceasefire. Its strikes have at times signaled US airstrikes to protect urban areas.
But senior diplomats said a breakthrough in peace talks was expected after the donor conference.
“Representatives of the Taliban and the Afghan government will take a break from peace talks after the Geneva conference, but only before they announce a joint agreement on key security issues,” said a senior Western official.
At the Geneva meeting, the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani will present a peace and development framework aimed at allocating funds for key projects, protecting millions of jobs and protecting democratic institutions.
Naseer Siddiqui, a senior finance ministry official, said in Geneva last week, “The conference will focus on transforming Afghanistan into a self-reliant decade by the end of 2024. “
The Taliban have not been invited to the conference, but the militants have urged donors to continue their humanitarian aid, accusing the Ghani government of pocketing aid money.
The group said in a statement: “We urge the international community and organizations to make public donations to the people.